What is diagnostic testing?
Diagnostic testing is used to collect the clinical information to make a clinical decision for a patient. It helps the physician to reconsider the possibility of disease in patients. Diagnostic testing is performed to determine health problems. It is a necessary step towards the treatment of the patient and cures the illnesses. Diagnostic testing diagnoses, screens and monitors the body. Diagnostic testing is essential and compelling as it helps the medical professional to give an exact judgment about disease or condition and determine the right course of treatment.
Ankle Brachial Index (ABI)
The Ankle Brachial Index, or ABI for short, is a test that compares the blood pressure in the patient’s ankle to the blood pressure in the brachium – or upper arm. This test is designed to see if the patient has blocked arteries in the leg. This is a condition call peripheral artery disease (PAD). People with PAD are more at risk for heart attack, stroke, poor circulation and leg pain.
Nerve Conduction Velocity/Electromyogram (NCV/EMG)
Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) is a diagnostic test designed to assess nerve damage and nerve dysfunction in the patient. NCV testing is used to determine whether the injury was to the nerve fiber or the myelin sheath – which is the protective covering around the sheath. This test sends electrical signals through the nerves to test how quickly the nerve responds to the signal.
Often and NCV test is conducted with an Electromyogram (EMG) test. The EMG test is similar in that it tracks electrical signals throughout the body, but it is used more to determine the location and extent of disease that damages the nerves and muscles.
What are the benefits of diagnostic testing?
- Improves the understanding of disease
- Side-effects free tests
- Helps diagnose and treat patients
- Expedited reports
- Helps to study pathologies and soft tissue injuries