What is a joint injection?
A joint injection is a method of treatment to manage joint pain and stiffness that appear due to inflammation. Excessive, chronic and acute joint pain can cause mobility issues and disturb daily routine of an individual. There are various types of joint injections for pain management. Typically joint injections involve the combination of anesthetic and corticosteroid to target both inflammation and pain.
Additional joint injection procedures may include:
- Hyaluronic acid that provides lubrication and cushions the damaged joint
- Platelet rich plasma that is injected into the affected joint to promote natural healing
What are the drugs used in joint injections?
Joint injection drugs include corticosteroids, saline, infliximab, radioisotopes, hyaluronic acid, local anesthetics, lidocaine and bupivacaine.
What are common joint injection sites?
- Sacroiliac joint injection
- Facet joint injection
- Shoulder injection
- Ankle injection
- Knee joint injection
- Hip joint injection
What is the procedure for a joint injection?
Firstly the site of the injection is decided in the affected joint and the site is sterilized to reduce the risk of infection or other complications. Local anesthesia is applied to the skin directly at the injection site. Then the medicine is injected into the affected joint. This is the procedure for corticosteroid joint injections, the most common form of joint injection. Benefits can be experienced within few days of a successful joint injection.
Which Joint conditions need joint injections?
Synovitis, advanced osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis) and crystalloid arthropathies, like gout and pseudogout. Soft tissue conditions which may require joint injections include neuromas, bursitis, ganglion cysts, tendinopathies and fasciitis.
What are the benefits of joint injections?
Joint injections are a very common treatment for many types of joint pain, especially for knee problems. Clinical trials reveal that joint injections are less invasive, safe and avoid surgery. Successful joint injections provide an impressive pain reduction and capacity to resume daily activities. Joint injections significantly improve joint function and relieve pain.